Oman has encountered a substantial growth increase in capital investment for its electricity projects. According to one expert, the growth rate reached 27 percent, resulting in a total of OMR221 million as against OMR174 million in 2014.
There have been some anticipated negative movements for the Egyptian Exchange in recent weeks. Experts in the field have suggested that the EGX could likely encounter “difficulties in attracting foreign and Arab investors in the upcoming period,” caused by performance as well as the competition posed by Gulf stock markets in targeting investors.
If – as is expected – Gulf markets are opened up to foreign investors and trade restrictions on foreign institutions are eased, the Egyptian Exchange will have to provide something else. For example Kuwait is offering a capital gains tax exemption to foreigners. This will not be offered in Egypt now until May 2017. These are just some of the factors that have resulted in Egypt losing its “competitive edge in attracting foreign investors.” When other regions offer more, Egypt loses out. Especially given the fact that Egypt has been levying new taxes on profits. Nonetheless there was still an EGX 30 increase by 0.79 percent.
According to El Marwa Brokerage’s head of research and investment, Mohamed Elnagar, the rally Egypt is experiencing today is actually not an indication of a “real recovery,” given the fact that foreign institutions are strongly being pressured to sell. He further added that for the market to properly recover, the way oil prices go and how global markets perform will be most telling. It has to be noted also that simultaneous to Egypt’s rally are the Gulf rallies.
Also according to its web site, the Egyptian stock exchange at the beginning of the year encountered substantial losses “due to lower global exchanges,” but with the promotion of the bourse, there was some improvement.
Given the recent economic reforms, the economy in Pakistan has encountered significant improvements. According to numbers put out by the IMF, Pakistan’s growth has been bolstered to 4.2 percent, which is a large change since the 3.7 percent figure it was in 2013. There has also been a substantial decline in inflation in the region in the last few years and a “steady” development of foreign exchange reserves. All of these are indicators of a bourgeoning economy.
Perhaps this was why there was news just a few days ago that efforts are being made to “make Pakistan the 25th largest economy of the world in the next ten years.” Vision 2015 has been set up to guide this process. According to Ahsan Iqbal, Federal Planning Minister, it is “the export sector [which] has the key role to achiev[ing] this goal.” Indeed, without the active participation of the private sector, there is no hope for the completion of these economic development projects.
In addition, with the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor project, the region has received a “splendid gift” and with its successful launch, the augmentation of Pakistan will become “irreversible.” Ultimately Iqbal believes that with all the upcoming plans for the region, Pakistan will become an “economic hub for Afghanistan, Central Asian states and China.” And that 2016 has been declared a “Year of Productivity, Quality and Innovation.”
This was part of the discussion that took place in Abu Dhabi at last week’s World Economic Forum Summit on the Global Agenda 2015. Attended by over 900 leaders from 60+ countries, issues of policy implications and related aspects connected to this “new digital manufacturing paradigm” were addressed.
The digital revolution is already most apparent in the UAE. Indeed, according to UAE digital payments service company, Trriple, by 2020, most people in the region handling money will be doing so not through cash. Mobile payments will be made on a mass scale. As co-founder and CEO of the firm, Ahmad Fasih Akhtar said, “We are poised to usher in the ‘cashless society’ here in the UAE. We see strong nationwide demand for a multipurpose, cross-bank mobile wallet.”
So digital manufacturing in all aspects is ready to go in the UAE region. It is just a matter of time before it is completely set in place.
Right in the center of Dubai, sits the Il Gazebo Pizza Caffe, which brings a little bit of Italy to Dubai.
This project was officially launched at Cityscape Global 2015, earlier this month, in Dubai. What it will mean is that there will be a 1.5 million square foot Crystal Lagoon water theme park which is, as President of Sharjah Oasis Real Estate, Hayssam El Masri noted, on the same page as “Sharjah’s development plans to attract 10 million visitors to the Emirate by 2021,”
Indeed, Sharjah Oasis Real Estate Development is committed to beginning construction during the last quarter of 2015, to be finished by 2018 (just the first phase). Estimated cost is Dhs9.35 billion, but that includes: a commercial center, hotels, mixed-use towers, villas and more.
El Masri added, “these robust plans will increase demand for residential and commercial units as well as hotels, especially in prime locations that offer all modern facilities.” His sentiment was echoed by Chaiman of Al Hanoo Real Estate Co., Sheikh Abdullah Shkara, who said: We believe this project will be the heartbeat of the city’s tourism 2021 vision.”
It will be an “ideal hub” for all sorts of businesses, to be networking and enhancing their importing-exporting capacity.
The UAE is the first in the Gulf to liberalize the price of fuel. At the beginning of this month, fuel prices increased by around 24 percent. The government enforced that when it made a decision to remove fuel subsidies, rendering prices in line with that of the rest of the world.
Up until this point, both petrol and diesel have been subsidized by the government and UAE fuel has been set at a flat rate, irrespective of major fluctuations in oil prices around the world. But now, the Fuel Price Committee is going to be in charge of setting new prices on the 28th of each month, based on average worldwide prices as well as operational/transport costs.
The idea behind this new policy is a reaction to advice from the IMF, World Bank etc., which believes energy subsidies should be reduced in conjunction with their budgets.
Tourism in Oman is increasing. This can be seen in the new, luxurious hotels that have been – and are set to be – built in the region, the first one being the Alila Jabal Ahkdar located in Nizma. So exquisite is this new residence that it won a design award – the silver certificate for “Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design. What else is impressive about the hotel is how – while it is comfortable and beautiful – it still does not stray from its heritage, featuring much local artistic work along with regional cuisine.
Alila Jabal Ahkdar is the new hotel in Nizma, Oman and the first of 10 more luxury resorts opening in this seemingly overlooked country. This recent development is a result of more than $US3 billion being invested in tourism in Oman.
So this is good news for business in Oman. Indeed, studies have shown that when hotels cater to the needs of business travelers, that is when their profit margin benefits. A report put out by the US Travel Association a couple of years ago found that global and domestic business travel in America spending totaled a staggering $266.5 billion over twelve months. In addition, business travelers probably make up one of the highest percentages of frequent travelers according to American Express Global Business Travel. With these statistics, it looks like Oman’s focus on new, luxurious, comfortable hotels is just good for business!
Given that each year Oman produces over 1.5 million tons of municipal solid waste it seems like there should be something useful to do with it. Indeed, according to Caledonian College of Engineering researchers, given that a large percentage of this amount is organic, it could actually be converted to energy.
Some of the organic waste can be treated through an anaerobic digestion process, whereby the material is broken down by microorganisms that thereafter generate a biogas which can be converted to electricity or fuel. If this is used for Oman, it could actually decrease the amount of garbage that is currently in landfills and in turn, provide a sustainable source of energy.
Indeed, as head of the research project Professor Joseph Thanikal pointed out:
“They say that from all the wilayats there are 5,000 tons of waste, combining all kinds of biodegradable waste, per day. We have proven that it’s possible to convert it to biogas and we have enough quantity of waste that can supplement the energy so it could be one of the sources.”
This kind of project would also improve aesthetics (ridding the landfills of unsightly garbage) and enhance the environment.
Crescent Petroleum – in the post Saddam Hussein era – could now very well be equipped to enter Egypt’s oil and natural gas exploration field. Indeed, according to the Director of Exploration and Production at Crescent Petroleum, Abdulla Al-Qadi, discussions are taking place with the Ministry of Petroleum as a way forward of gaining an insight into the potential opportunities for entering the Egyptian market.
Al-Qadi did however express concern about investments in Egypt, calling it “challenging.” But having said that, he still believes that long-term, making an investment in Egypt will actually end up being very positive for Crescent Petroleum and indeed Egypt as a whole.
There has been a trust built up since the Egyptian government never breached any terms of its agreement with Emirati companies. A trust – since then – has been formed and because of that there was investment from a range of Gulf states.